Miguel Angel Martín Espada
Judge C.N.J./F.O.C.D.E. of Song T. Espa6nol
The mission of these lines is really complicated.
In them one is going away to try to explain to the profane one what
is and what it characterizes the canary of Spanish Song (Spanish
Timbrado). The difficulty is mainly in the ignorance of this
race between the own Spanish liking, because he is not infrequent
to see as it denominates " Timbrado " all that one green
canary or pmo that, in fact, is not more than a common canary
understanding like so to that it does not belong to race some.
In fact, the fame of good reproducers, it has caused that many false
fans proclaimed that their canaries " were Timbrado "
thus to be able to sell them better.
The truth is that the morphologic characteristics
of the race that occupies to us (enough similars, in appearance,
to those of the common canaries since the fundamental thing
is the song and unfortunately, generally, so much is not taken care
of the morphologic type) give place to this type of situations,
however, I will try to give something more of light on the subject
and to make see that a good canary of Spanish Song (Spanish
Timbrado) cannot, in way some, be confused with a current canary
The song canaries are those that grow up, logically,
by the beauty of their song, which has been modeled by the man throughout
the centuries looking for the purity in the transmission of the
sound (tone intensity and stamp and the
greater possible musicalidad (rate harmony and melodma
, using itself for it of its musical sensitivity and the excellent
one raw material that the wild canary provided to him. C.o.m.
(World-wide Ornithological Confederation) it
recognizes as races of song canaries the Roller (Germany),
the Malinois (Belgium) and the Spanish Timbrado
one The main difference between the song of these canaries
is in tone in which they emit it and in the type of turns that make.
Serve like differentiating criterion, in relation to the tone of
transmission of the song, that the Roller emits his melodma
in low tonalities, the Malinois in average tonalities and
the Spanish Singer in high tonalities, in relation to the
other two races and without for that reason its song is excessively
high or estridente (in other words and denying a certain black
legend that it circulates on the matter, the reader
could have one of ours perfectly national singers in the
hall its house and to enjoy melodma of its song calmly).
Nowadays, in Spain, the cultivated race of
song more is the Timbrado one The Malinois and the
Roller mainly this one last one, are in clear backward movement,
which, as far as sport canaricultura talks about, is truely lamentable.
Brief History Of The Canary Timbrado One Or Of Spanish Song
Ours first race internationally recognized is next
to its wild ancestor. The explanation is in which the only thing
that was wanted to perfect was its song, the morphologic variations
that have taken place must to the acclimatization to the life in
captivity and the precise transformations for the attainment of
a maximum yield in their dowries canoras. In sum, the stature has
been increased to something and those anatomical parts have been
developed that influence somehow in the song (greater head and a
greater pectoral width, as a result of the development of the respiratory
apparatus of the bird and a greater pulmonary capacity, mainly).
The canary of the Country like was well-known
formerly, it enjoyed a great acceptance between the liking. Antonio
Drove Aza described to the primitive canaries of
the Country as those " whose commendable
song was appreciated outside our borders not to emit disagreeable
notes yes and, however, affluent multitude of vocalized and modulated
variations, in a resisted repertoire of diverse tonalities, in which
(...) they expressed estrofas complete of the song of the ruise6nor
emitted with discreet loudness and delicate tones of voice.".
The canary of the Country was on the
verge of disappearing in our century due to a series of causes,
the main ones they were:
1:) the appearance in Spain of the first concerned
curly canaries, that were crossed those " of the Country "
to look for anatomical characteristics next to the position canaries
(mainly increase of stature).
2:) the height of the Roller canary
that did that most of the little pure units " of the Country
" that were they were crossed.
3:). The Spanish Civil War and its disastrous
4:) For some authors of the time also decreased
the establishment of breeders the discovery of the canaries of "
red factor ".
The centers where the genuine canaries of Spanish
Song cultivated themselves were lost in the forgetfulness.
Thus the situation stayed until, in the Forties,
a group of Spanish partners of the Association of Canaricultores
of Madrid seted out to recover our old race of canaries.
The debate arose between the liking and between all " hands to
the work " were put. In the Fifties the first " Code of Song
" was made and a new name occurred him to the race:
" Timbrado Spanish " (at the moment they are used indifferently
Timbrado and canary of Spanish Song . At this
time they already emphasized two currents within the liking, that
advocated two different lines of song, one of them was
in Asturias (current majority between the breeders of the
A.o.n.s. present F.o.c.d.e. and the other in Madrid
(around the A.c.e. and the F.o.e. , it was one
more a sample of the enthusiasm with that this race take refook
again between the liking native In this order of
things and after an insolvent attempt in 1956, the Spanish Timbrado
one was recognized internationally in Brussels in 1962
by the C.o.m. It would be first of so many successes
of the Spanish canaricultura, later they would get to obtain the
international doctorate other races of our country.
From 1962 it has been walked much and have
been several the Codes of Song that has had our canary.
To only lament the existing difference of criteria, with respect
to the Timbrado one Spanish between our different
national federations, differences that give rise to that the selection
is carried out in attention to parameters, sometimes, very different,
when noncontradictory, in each one of them.
CHARACTERISTIC OF THE CANARY OF SPANISH SONG
The physical appearance of this race defers
little from the one of the wild canary, as already it has scored
previously, despite the stature is greater. We were before a canary
of robust appearance, so large means, great head, very wide chest,
smooth and compact plumage (the curls very marked are
cause of disqualification in the aids , tail not very
long and short legs. It is not possible to make a valued general
description for the totality of the units, since when prioritizing
the song has given up, from old, to a unification of the morphologic
type. The physical appearance varia much between the bred canaries
in different geographic zones. In which one talks about the color,
in principle, all are admitted whenever they do not present/display
red factor However, outside the classic colors, that are the
green one, the gray or slate, the dark brown one - erroneously called
by many fans isabela -, the yellow, the target and the respective
pmos, it is necessary to distrust and to think about the possibility
of crossings with color canaries. Finally, to mention that the mo6nudos
units are admitted.
In which one talks about the song to
say that it is a canary of metallic song, cheers and very
varied The transmission of the song in average and low
tones, accompanied of the accomplishment of an excess of own turns
of other races, it is a crossing indication that entails the disqualification
in the aid of the unit at issue.
We can classify the turns that conform the
Code of Song of multiple forms, here we will use three classifications:
- BY THE TRANSMISSION RATE.
Taking care of the cadence or speed of transmission
of the different syllables or parts from the turn we spoke of:
- Turns of continuous rate They are those in which the
human ear cannot appreciate separation some between the different
syllables that conform the turn, because the number of the same
ones emitted per second very it is elevated and an effect of continuity
of the sound favored by the special sonorous characteristics of
the consonants takes place that take part, generally the " r
" and, occasionally, the " l ".
- Turns of semicontinuous rate They are those in which
we appreciated each one of the syllables of the turn, but that
as soon as there is separation or rest between his transmission.
- Turns of discontinuous rate Variations in which the
transmission of its different parts is made clearly of spaced
form, we could say that the canary rests between syllable and
syllable (This type of turns is emitted to a approximate minimum
cadence of four syllables per second).
- BY THE LOUDNESS
By the sonorous peculiarities of the turns we distinguished
- Metallic turns Whose sound remembers to which they produce
the metallic materials.
- Hollow turns Its sound remembers us to the produced
one, for example, when striking the wood.
- Watery turns They remember the sound of the water, in
The three previous types are the main ones,
but also we can speak of slanted turns made high-pitched
- BY ITS VALUATION
By its valuation in the Code of Song we
can distinguish three groups. Although not always they correspond
valuation and difficulty degree, we can say that, in general terms,
the valued turns more are those than they offer to the canary a
greater difficulty of accomplishment:
- Turns scored up to 9 (in fact 27 .
- Turns scored up to 6 (in fact 18 .
- Turns scored up to 3 (in fact 9
The different turns can be made with ascending
and descendent modulations, with which melodma of the canary desire
in beauty and difficulty.
Advancing in the knowledge of the song of our
national race the moment has arrived for knowing the different
variations that compose it. As the reader can observe, many of the
turns receive the name of musical instruments or of characteristic
sounds that all we have presents in our memory, it is thus because
the guard and sound other a great similarity.
We will make a scheme of the turns of the canary
of Song Spanish (Timbrado) helping us for it of the seen
TURNS OF CONTINUOUS RATE
Metalists: Timbres (3 p.)
Hollows: Rolled variations (6 p.)
TURNS OF SEMICONTINUOUS RATE
Metalists: Timbres (3p.)
Bell (3 p.)
Hollows: Cloqueos (6 p.)
Castanets (3 p.)
Watery: Water timbre (3 p.)
Semibound water (3 p.)
TURNS OF DISCONTINUOUS RATE
The Floreos (9 p.) and Floreos slow (9 p.) they can as much
be hollow as metalists.
Metalists: Bell (3 p.)
Hollows: Cloqueos (6 p.)
Watery: Slow water (6 p.)
The joint Variations (9 p.) are composed turns, as it indicates
his name, and are the result of the conjunction in a same turn of
several simple ones. Its location in this part of the scheme must
to that the joint variations usually occur like turns of discontinuous
rate, although is not the only form in which they are possible to
Those turns that are emitted with rascada, estridencia
or nasalidad reduce score
This has been, approximately the
presentation of the song of the Spanish Timbrado one
we can speak of two great lines of song that correspond,
basically, with those currents that we have mentioned when speaking
of the history of the race. Let us see what characterizes them:
Asturian line It emphasizes in these
canaries the slow, cloqueos variety of floreos, floreos and waters
(semibound and slow), in other words, canary are selected to make
the most beautiful and difficult turns: the discontinuous ones.
It is cultivated, mainly, in the North third of
Spain In Andalusia and Valencia it coexists
with the other line.
Madrilenian line their cultivators
look for a complete song that is to say, that has the greater
possible number of turns of the list. Its culture is centered, mainly,
in Madrid Extremadura Castile Mancha and
Catalonia Also it is the line cultivated in Ibero-America
by influence of the F.o.e.
In these lines I have tried to make an approach
to the canary of Spanish Song (Timbrado) and to demonstrate
its greatness. I will occur by satisfied if with himself that the
reader has basic ideas on this pretty race and see the mistaken
thing of the topics that circulate between the canaricultores on
her. It stops to finish, reading friend, an advice, if sometimes
you want to acquire authentic canary of Spanish Song (Timbrado)
ponte in contact with a breeder that exclusively dedicates
to to the culture of this race and, if does not know any, consults
in an association so that they put to you in contact with one, single
thus you will have guarantees of which the unit that you acquire
is of pure race.
© Miguel Angel Martín Espada